Marathon Termine , sortierbar nach Kategorien, Distanzen und Disziplinen. Marathon Veranstaltungen in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Königsschlösser Romantik Marathon. Füssen · 42,2 km · 42,2 km (Staffel); 2 Wettbewerbe (anderes Datum). Son, August Definition Marathon ist eine sportliche Laufveranstaltung von 42, km und wurde nach dem Lauf eines Boten von der griechischen Stadt Marathon nach. July Bernhardswalder Sommerlauf Bernhardswald. Meist werden bei den Veranstaltungen auch verschiedene Disziplinen angeboten: Burgweintinger Nepal-Lauf Burgweinting. Sun, September 22, Natur. Mit einem Häkchen kann man die gewünschten Kategorien auswählen. Rock'n Roll Marathon New Orleans. Sun, March 10, 8. Sun, July 14, Ebenso haben die häufigsten Distanzen ein Symbol: Rio de Janeiro Marathon. Wed, May 1, Mailauf Lorenzreuth Lorenzreuth. Oberbank Linz Donau Marat Sun, May 5, Weltkulturerbelauf Bamberg. Sat, April 13, Dreiburgenlandmarathon Thurmansbang.
Marathon Bayern VideoTAG 4 - ANTENNE BAYERN Neujahrs-Musikmarathon
The Englischer Garten , close to the city centre and covering an area of 3. It contains a naturist nudist area, numerous bicycle and jogging tracks as well as bridle-paths.
Nowadays it is entirely a park, its southern half being dominated by wide and extremely well-kept open areas, hills, monuments and beach-like stretches along the streams Eisbach and Schwabinger Bach , which get crowded in summer.
In contrast, its less-frequented northern part is much more quiet, idyllic and natural-seeming, at times resembling a natural preserve more than an urban public park: Multiple Biergartens can be found in both parts of the Englischer Garten, the most well known being located at the Chinese Pagoda.
Best known for the largest beergarden in town is the former royal Hirschgarten , founded in for deer, which still live there.
Another notable park is Ostpark located in the Ramersdorf-Perlach borough which also houses the Michaelibad , the largest waterpark in Munich.
Other notable clubs include Munich , who were long time their rivals on a somewhat equal footing, but currently play in the 3rd Division 3. Liga along with another former Bundesliga club SpVgg Unterhaching.
Munich bid to host the Winter Olympic Games , but lost to Pyeongchang. Public sporting facilities in Munich include ten indoor swimming pools  and eight outdoor swimming pools,  which are operated by the Munich City Utilities SWM communal company.
The Deutsches Museum or German Museum, located on an island in the River Isar, is the largest and one of the oldest science museums in the world.
Three redundant exhibition buildings that are under a protection order were converted to house the Verkehrsmuseum , which houses the land transport collections of the Deutsches Museum.
The city has several important art galleries , most of which can be found in the Kunstareal , including the Alte Pinakothek , the Neue Pinakothek , the Pinakothek der Moderne and the Museum Brandhorst.
The Alte Pinakothek contains a treasure trove of the works of European masters between the 14th and 18th centuries. The collection reflects the eclectic tastes of the Wittelsbachs over four centuries, and is sorted by schools over two floors.
Another important museum in the Kunstareal is the Egyptian Museum. The gothic Morris dancers of Erasmus Grasser are exhibited in the Munich City Museum in the old gothic arsenal building in the inner city.
Another area for the arts next to the Kunstareal is the Lehel quarter between the old town and the river Isar: The nearby Schackgalerie is an important gallery of German 19th-century paintings.
Munich is a major European cultural centre and has played host to many prominent composers including Orlando di Lasso , W. The modern Gasteig centre houses the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra.
The third orchestra in Munich with international importance is the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra. Its primary concert venue is the Herkulessaal in the former city royal residence, the Munich Residenz.
A stage for shows, big events and musicals is the Deutsche Theater. In the s, the Musicland Studios developed into one of the most prominent recording studios in the world, with bands such as the Rolling Stones , Led Zeppelin , Deep Purple and Queen recording albums there.
In the late s, Electroclash was substantially co-invented if not even invented in Munich, when DJ Hell introduced and assembled international pioneers of this musical genre through his International DeeJay Gigolo Records label here.
Music is so important in the Bavarian capital that the city hall gives permissions every day to 10 musicians for performing in the streets around Marienplatz.
This is how performers such as Olga Kholodnaya and Alex Jacobowitz are entertaining the locals and the tourists every day. Next to the Bavarian Staatsschauspiel in the Residenz Theatre Residenztheater , the Munich Kammerspiele in the Schauspielhaus is one of the most important German language theatres in the world.
The city is known as the second largest publishing centre in the world around publishing houses have offices in the city , and many national and international publications are published in Munich, such as Arts in Munich, LAXMag and Prinz.
At the turn of the 20th century, Munich, and especially its suburb of Schwabing , was the preeminent cultural metropolis of Germany.
Its importance as a centre for both literature and the fine arts was second to none in Europe, with numerous German and non-German artists moving there.
Its strikingly modern caricatures and biting satirical attacks on Wilhelmine German society were the result of countless of collaborative efforts by many of the best visual artists and writers from Munich and elsewhere.
The period immediately before World War I saw continued economic and cultural prominence for the city. Thomas Mann wrote in his novella Gladius Dei about this period: Between and , he wrote and performed in many absurdist sketches and short films that were highly influential, earning him the nickname of "Charlie Chaplin of Germany".
Fear Eats the Soul. New German Cinema is considered by far the most important artistic movement in German cinema history since the era of German Expressionism in the s.
Munich remains one of the centres of the German film and entertainment industry. Three weeks before Christmas, the Christkindlmarkt opens at Marienplatz and other squares in the city, selling Christmas goods.
For two weeks, the Oktoberfest attracts millions of people visiting its beer tents "Bierzelte" and fairground attractions. The Oktoberfest was first held on 12 October in honour of the marriage of crown prince Ludwig to Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
The festivities were closed with a horse race and in the following years the horse races were continued and later developed into what is now known as the Oktoberfest.
Despite its name, most of Oktoberfest occurs in September. It always finishes on the first Sunday in October unless the German national holiday on 3 October Tag der deutschen Einheit , i.
The Munich cuisine contributes to the Bavarian cuisine. It is a Munich speciality. Traditionally eaten only before noon — a tradition dating to a time before refrigerators — these morsels are often served with sweet mustard and freshly baked pretzels.
It was the typical beer in Munich in the 19th century, but it is now more of a speciality. It is dark amber in colour and has a heavy malty taste.
It is available and is sold particularly during the Lenten Starkbierzeit strong beer season , which begins on or before St.
There are many smaller beer gardens and around twenty major ones, providing at least one thousand seats, with four of the most famous and popular in the Englischer Garten: Hirschgarten is the largest beer garden in the world, with 8, seats.
There are six main breweries in Munich: Also much consumed, though not from Munich and thus without the right to have a tent at the Oktoberfest, are especially Tegernseer and Schneider Weisse , the latter of which has a major beer hall in Munich just as the Munich breweries do.
The Circus Krone based in Munich is one of the largest circuses in Europe. Between Sendlinger Tor and Maximiliansplatz lies the so-called Feierbanane party banana , a roughly banana-shaped unofficial party zone spanning 1.
Apart from the Kultfarbik and the smaller Optimolwerke, there is a wide variety of establishments in the urban parts of nearby Haidhausen. Before the Kunstpark Ost, there had already been an accumulation of internationally known nightclubs in the remains of the abandoned former Munich-Riem Airport.
Munich nightlife tends to change dramatically and quickly. Establishments open and close every year, and some survive only a few months, while others last many years.
From to , Munich was also home to the Union Move , one of the largest technoparades in Germany. Munich has two directly connected gay quarters, which basically can be seen as one: Munich has more than night clubs and thousands of bars and restaurants within city limits.
Some notable nightclubs are: Only the two Munich universities and the Technical University of Karlsruhe now part of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have held this honour, and the implied greater chances of attracting research funds, since the first evaluation round in The Max Planck Society , an independent German non-profit research organisation, has its administrative headquarters in Munich.
The following institutes are located in the Munich area:. The Fraunhofer Society , the German non-profit research organization for applied research, has its headquarters in Munich.
Munich has the strongest economy of any German city  and the lowest unemployment rate 3. Munich topped the ranking of the magazine Capital in February for the economic prospects between and in 60 German cities.
The breakdown by cities proper not metropolitan areas of Global cities listed Munich in 8th position in Munich is also the home of the headquarters of many other large companies such as the aircraft engine manufacturer MTU Aero Engines , the injection moulding machine manufacturer Krauss-Maffei , the camera and lighting manufacturer Arri , the semiconductor firm Infineon Technologies headquartered in the suburban town of Neubiberg , lighting giant Osram , as well as the German or European headquarters of many foreign companies such as Microsoft.
Munich has significance as a financial centre second only to Frankfurt , being home of HypoVereinsbank and the Bayerische Landesbank.
It outranks Frankfurt though as home of insurance companies such as Allianz insurance and Munich Re re-insurance. Munich has an extensive public transport system consisting of an underground metro, trams, buses and high-speed rail.
In , the transport modal share in Munich was 38 percent public transport, 25 percent car, 23 percent walking, and 15 percent bicycle.
For its urban population of 2. The Munich tramway is the oldest existing public transportation system in the city, which has been in operation since Munich also has an extensive network of bus lines.
The extensive network of subway and tram lines assist and complement pedestrian movement in the city centre. These major spines and many smaller streets cover an extensive area of the centre that can be enjoyed on foot and bike.
The transformation of the historic area into a pedestrian priority zone enables and invites walking and biking by making these active modes of transport comfortable, safe and enjoyable.
These attributes result from applying the principle of "filtered permability" , which selectively restricts the number of roads that run through the centre.
While certain streets are discontinuous for cars, they connect to a network of pedestrian and bike paths, which permeate the entire centre.
In addition, these paths go through public squares and open spaces increasing the enjoyment of the trip see image.
The logic of filtering a mode of transport is fully expressed in a comprehensive model for laying out neighbourhoods and districts — the Fused Grid.
The average amount of time people spend commuting to and from work with public transit in Munich on a weekday is 56 min. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 9.
Cycling has a strong presence in the city and is recognised as a good alternative to motorised transport. The growing number of bicycle lanes are widely used throughout the year.
Munich cyclists have a reputation for being quite daring or even careless, being frequently seen as a nuisance by drivers, especially when their numbers multiply in the warmer months.
The cycle paths usually involve a longer route than by the road, as they are diverted around objects, and the presence of pedestrians can make them quite slow.
A modern bike hire system is available within the area bounded by the Mittlerer Ring. All stations are connected to the public transport system and serve as transportation hubs.
The mainline station is a terminal station with 32 platforms. The subterranean S-Bahn with 2 platforms and U-Bahn stations with 6 platforms are through stations.
It was originally built by Werner March for the Summer Olympics. During the Olympics, the record attendance was thought to be over , Today the stadium is part of the Olympiapark Berlin.
Since renovations in , the Olympiastadion has a permanent capacity of 74, seats and is the largest stadium in Germany for international football matches.
Besides its use as an athletics stadium, the arena has built a footballing tradition. Since , it has been the home ground of the Hertha BSC football team.
A horse racing -course already existed there which belonged to the Berliner Rennverein, and even today the old ticket booths survive on Jesse-Owens-Allee.
The government of Germany decided not to build in the nearby Grunewald forest, or to renovate buildings that already existed. Because of this desire, they hired the same architect who originally had built the "Rennverein", Otto March.
March decided to bury the stadium in the ground "Erdstadion", in German. In the s the first buildings of a school, the "Deutsches Sportforum" German Sport Forum , dedicated to the teaching of professors of physical education and the study of sport science were built northeast of the stadium site.
Originally, the German government decided merely to restore the earlier Olympiastadion Olympic Stadium of , with Werner March again retained to do this.
When the Nazis came to power in Germany , they decided to use the Olympic Games in for propaganda purposes. With these plans in mind, Adolf Hitler ordered the construction of a great sports complex in Grunewald named the "Reichssportfeld" with a totally new Olympiastadion.
Architect Werner March remained in charge of the project, assisted by his brother Walter. Construction took place from to When the Reichssportfeld was finished, it was 1.
It consisted of east to west: Werner March built the new Olympiastadion on the foundation of the original Deutsches Stadion, once again with the lower half of the structure recessed 12 meters below ground level.
The capacity of the Olympiastadion reached , spectators. It also possessed a special stand for Adolf Hitler and his political associates.
At its end, aligned with the symmetrically-designed layout of the buildings of the Olympischer Platz and toward the Maifeld, was the Marathon Gate with a big receptacle for the Olympic Flame.
The Maifeld Mayfield was created as a huge lawn , square metres, 28 acres for gymnastic demonstrations, specifically annual May Day celebrations by the government.
The total capacity was , people, with 60, in the large stands that extended at the west end. Also located there were the Langemarck-Halle below and the Bell Tower rising high.
The walls were built with sturdy stone from the area of the Lower Alps, and also feature equine sculptures work of Josef Wackerle. This consisted of huge halls built under the stands of the Maifeld.
Pillars were raised on which hung flags and shields commemorating all the forces that participated in a battle fought in Langemark West Flanders, Belgium on 10 November , during the First World War.
Since , the ground floor is home to a public exhibit providing historical information on the area of the former Reichssportfeld.
During the Olympics, the Maifeld was used for polo and equestrian dressage events. Starting in , Maifeld became home to the Berlin Cricket Club.
The Bell Tower crowned the western end of the Reichs Sportfield planted amid the tiers of the Maifeld stands.
From its peak could be observed the whole city of Berlin. During the games, it was used as observation post by administrators and police officials, doctors and the media.
In the tower was the Olympic Bell. On its surface were the Olympic Rings with an eagle , the year , the Brandenburg Gate , the date 1.
August and a motto between two swastikas: I call the youth of the world  and The Bell Tower was the only part of the Reichssportfeld that was destroyed in the war.
The Soviet troops set its contents on fire, turning the tower into a makeshift chimney. The structure emerged from the fire severely damaged and weakened.
In , the British engineers demolished the tower; however, it was reconstructed accurately in The Olympic Bell which had survived the fire and remained in its place in the tower fell 77 metres and cracked and has been incapable of sounding since then.
In , the bell was rescued, only in order to be used as a practice target for shooting with anti-tank ammunition. The damaged old bell survives and serves as a memorial.
The recreation of the tower was carried out from to , once again by the architect Werner March, following the original blueprints. The present tower became an important tourist destination offering a panorama of Berlin, Spandau , the Havel Valley, Potsdam , Nauen and Hennigsdorf.
The most significant battle around the Olympiastadion was in April when the Soviet army fought to capture it. The Olympiastadion survived the war almost untouched; it only suffered the impact of machine gun shots.
After the war, the former Reichssportfeld became the headquarters of the British military occupation forces. The administration settled in the northeastern buildings designed by the March brothers in the s, which the Third Reich had used for official sport organisations such as the Reich Academy of Physical Training and extended by , adding the "Haus des deutschen Sports" House of German Sports and other buildings which belong since to the Olympiapark Berlin , a central sporting facility of the City of Berlin.
Soon, the British forces renovated war-damaged buildings but also converted interiors to their specific needs one gymnasium was converted into a dining hall, another into a garage.
From to , the Olympischer Platz had a giant antenna transmitting for all the portable radios in Berlin. During the s, American military and high school football teams introduced hundreds of thousands of Berliners to American football at the stadium in exhibition games.
In the Maifeld, several competitions of football , rugby and polo were staged too. The theatre was also used as an improvised ring for boxing matches.
In , Berliners debated the destiny of the Olympiastadion in light of the legacy it represented for Germany. Some wanted to tear the stadium down and build a new one from scratch, while others favoured letting it slowly crumble "like the Colosseum in Rome".
Finally, it was decided to renovate the Olympiastadion. The consortium took charge of the operation of the facilities together with Hertha BSC and the Government of Berlin after the remodelling.
The re-inauguration celebrations of the new Olympic Stadium were carried out on 31 July , and 1 August It culminated at night with the opening ceremony.
On day two, friendly matches were played between different categories of the club Hertha BSC and visiting teams. On 8 September , Brazil played Germany.
In , the venue hosted the World Culture Festival organized by the Art of Living where 70, people meditated for peace.
In , the venue hosted the European Athletics Championships. With the intention of creating a more intimate atmosphere for football games, the playing field was lowered by 2.
The lower tier of seating in the stadium was demolished and rebuilt at a completely different angle of inclination. The western portion on the Marathon Arch is open to reveal the Bell Tower to the spectators.
The conservation factor of the Olympiastadion as a historical monument was also considered, especially with respect to the preservation of the natural stone blocks.
After criticisms, the colour of the athletics track around the game field was changed from red to blue, reflecting the colours of Hertha BSC. The Olympiastadion was equipped with the latest technology in artificial illumination and sound equipment.
It has VIP stands, a set of restaurants, and two underground garages for cars. The new Olympic Stadium has the highest all-seated capacity in Germany.
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